Umkhumbane historically goes without saying that it was once an area that was filled with human spirit, coexistence and diversity was the order of the days.
Available evidence shows that African Communities settled the area of Umkhumbane during the pre-colonial. During the early years of the 19th Century, European Settlers began to occupy the Port natal concentrating on the Harbour and Berea area.
The emergency of Umkhumbane as a growing sack settlement began in the 1920s and was accelerated by rapid African urbanization and the growth of the manufacturing industry. The area was an epicenter of cultural and political activity. It consisted of teachers, preachers, political activists, nurses, shebeen owners, musicians, hawkers and gangsters. Workers from nearby compounds and hostels came to the vibrant spots.
Given to George Cato as a compensation for his land, which was transferred to the Army, the 1800 hectares farm called Cato Manor, developed from a family farm to small-scale farms let to mostly Indian farmers. Indians and Africans co-existed side by side up until 1949. The tension, which was caused by discrimination and segregation policies, culminated into violent clashes between Africans and Indians in 13 January 1949.
The communities were later force- removed by apartheid. A situation was described by many as the end of a community spirit and the birth of spiritless township culture. Due to the forced removal about 100 000 Africans and 40 000 Indians were moved to areas such as KwaMashu, Umlazi, Chatsworth and later to Phoenix. The area remained neglected and vacant for 30 years and only re-emerged as a highly contested urban space in the late 1980s
In recognition of its significance, Umkhumbane like Sophiatown and District 6 became one of the largest urban development projects in South Africa by being accorded a Presidential Lead Project in 1995. Vast amount of government resources as well as donor funding notably from the European Union were ploughed into the area. The area became available for settlement by originally displaced community or descendants and subsequently became a large-scale development scheme to test the sustainability and replicability of new housing development policies.
MIN 4 PAX
MIN 6 PAX
Cato Manor Museum
Hero’s Acre: Nate Nankasa
He was buried in a cemetery in New York State but his remains arrived on home soil last month.Mary Papayya from the Nat Nakasa Bring Home a Hero Project says his family and friends have been waiting for this moment for years. "Nearly 50 years later we're doing what Nat asked for. It was always his wish that he must be brought back home. When you speak to friends who knew him and his family, they say his last wish was to come back home."Nakasa died after falling from a high rise building in New York in an apparent suicide in 1965. Nakasa's flag-draped casket was led by a procession of Umkhonto we Sizwe veterans and police followed closely by his family on his arrival at Durban's King Shaka International Airport on 19 August. Nakasa has been hailed an unsung soldier who could finally come home.
Mashamplane Shisa Nyama
The owner of the place is always hands-on, making sure people are served in time and that the place stays clean. It is a must visit for Durban tourists and locals when looking for a great afternoon to relax and socialise.